Y11 Lang Revision

Top tips for NON FICTION PAPER Section A

Identify writer’s arguments by tracking the topic sentences

Read the questions first (before the text) and underline the key words. When reading the text, underline key words and annotate – as you go – anything relevant to the questions

Spend about one minute per mark on each question

Use the key words from the question to begin your answer

Use PEE for questions which ask you to compare texts or comment on what the writer is doing. Give specific and precise examples and always explain how they are meant to make the reader feel

Learn 12 presentational devices; these include:

  • Images: pictures, line drawings, cartoons
  • Graphics: diagrams, graphs, clip art
  • Captions
  • Font: serif or sans; bold, italic, underscored
  • Point size
  • Bullet points
  • Break-out quotes
  • Headlines, straps, sub-heads
  • Anchor
  • Colour
  • Columns/paragraphs
  • WOBs (white on black), tints

Use the 3-step format for commenting on layout:

  1. Identify the device
  2. Describe what it is in the device
  3. Explain its intended effect

Always explain the writer’s intended effect on the reader

For the comparison question make sure you write at least one PEE for every bullet point (Foundation candidates particularly)

For the comparison question, learn and use the appropriate connectives:

DIFFERENCES: However, whereas, conversely, on the other hand

SIMILARITIES: Similarly, likewise, in the same way

For the comparison questions comment on language by using phrases such as:

The word “______” suggests….

The intended effect on the reader is…

This makes the reader feel…

The fact that… shows…



Top tips for NON FICTION PAPER Section B


Writing to persuade: the key 11 techniques

  • Humour – witty or amusing wordplay
  • Imperative – command, order
  • Threes – words/ideas in groups of three, usually getting bigger each time
  • Second person – you, your, yours
  • First person – I, me, my, we, us, our
  • Opinion – personal viewpoint
  • Rhetorical question – question with an obvious answer
  • Facts – true/provable information
  • Repetition – repeating words, phrases, images or ideas
  • Emotive language – words reflecting strong emotions (outrageous, shocking, wonderful, inspirational)
  • Exaggeration – making something out to be better/worse than it actually is

    Persuade them to give you the grade you deserve


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